The NITTE Journal of Health Science (ISSN 22497110) is a peer-reviewed, indexed research publication printed every three months. The NUJHS invites ethically cleared, original research articles in any area related to advancement of knowledge in health sciences. This is an open access journal which means that all content is freely available without charge to the user or his/her institution. Users are allowed to read, download, copy, distribute, print, search, or link to the full texts of the articles in this journal without asking prior permission from the publisher or the author. This is in accordance with the BOAI definition of open access.